History of the Island of Folegandros



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Folegandros, also spelled Pholegandros, is a small Greek island located in the Southern Cyclades,
close to Sikinos, Ios, Anafi and Santorini.

It covers an area of about 32 sq. km (12 sq miles) and it has approximately 760-780 inhabitants.
Although it is only 13km long and 4km wide, Folegandros has many small beaches that can be reached by car, by local bus, by foot or by little fishing boats, daily from the port. It has three small villages, Chora, Ano Meria and Karavostasi , which are connected thouhgt a paved road. The road leading from the Karavostasi port to Chora and Ano Meria is no longer than 10 km.

Chora ends on a cliff, where Hotel Castro is located.

 

History

Little is known about the ancient history of Folegandros.The first reference to Folegandroscan be found in the Greek Mythology. According to the myths:

1. the island was initially inhabited by shepherds. Obviously, the shepherds were all men and the island was therefore called “Polyandros” (meaning “with a lot of men” in Greek). This ancient name was used for a long time and the marines used to call the island “Polykandro”. Anyway, historically, the first settlers of the island seem to have been the Carians who came there from Asia Minor.
2. In the Greek Mythology it is also mentioned that the Minoans from Crete, led by Folegandros, one of the sons of king Minos, came to the island. The island was afterwards named after him. As evident in historic sources, in fact, several Cretans who were persecuted in their homeland, found refuge on the island of Folegandros.
3. the name of the island states that Folegandros owes its name to the Phoenicians. These famous merchants of the early 1 st millennium b.C. seem to have used the island as a base and roadstead when they traveled in the Aegean and the Mediterranean. Having observed the rocky and stony geography of the island, they called it «phelekgundari», which in their language meant “stony land”. Later on, due to this characteristic, the ancient writer Aratos called Folegandros “land of iron”.

Later it came under Athenian rule. Archaeological finds, mainly inscriptions, show that the island was inhabited by the Dorians towards the end of the 2 nd millennium b.C. In the 5 th century b.C., Folegandros, despite the Doric origin of its population, was put under the domination of the Athenians, the dominants of the entire Aegean and the Eastern Mediterranean during this period. According to an inscription found on the island, in 425, Folegandros paid an annual tax of 2.000 attic drachmas to the Athenians, while at the same time the nearby island of Sikinos had to pay only 1.000. This was probably due to the fact that Folegandros did not become a member of the First Athenian Alliance in 478; it was incorporated much later.

During this period in Folegandros there was the cult of Artemis Selasforos (Diana) and Apollo Prostaterios (“the protector”). Several coins made of copper and dated back to the 3 rd and 2nd centuries b.C. were found on the island, bearing on one side the prince Folegandros and on the other a sacred bull. After the defeat of the Athenians at the battle of Chaeronia in 338 b.C., the island came under Macedonian domination and then under the domination of the successors of Alexander the Great, mostly the Ptolemy’s. Due to the isolated location of the island, the Romans, who succeeded the Macedonians, used it as a place of exile.

Later on, during the Byzantine period, Folegandros had the same destiny with the rest of the Cyclades. Only little information is available for this period.
All we know is that the island was an Exarchate of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, until the mid 17 th century, when it became part of the Archdiocese of Sifnos. In 1204, after the Francs conquered Constantinople, it was dominated by the Venetians. The Venetian Marco Sanudo became the ruler of Folegandros, as well as of most of the other islands of the central Aegean, and founded the Duchy of Naxos, or Duchy of the Archipelago, as it was then called. Sanudo was a good governor, tolerant towards the locals. He accepted and confirmed the religious freedom of the residents, which made him popular and highly respected. Among other, Sanudo also constructed a castle around the village towards the sea, to protect the population from the attacks of pirates, which were quite common at the time. In 1269, the Byzantine admiral Licarius took possession of some of the Cycladic islands; Folegandros was one of them. The Byzantines kept the islands until 1307, when they were conquered by the Spanish, under the leadership of Giannoulis Dacoronia. During the 18th century the island flourished thanks to its commercial activity; in this period, consuls of European states were appointed to the island.

After 1770, Folegandros was conquered by the Russians for four years, until the end of the war between Russians and Ottomans in 1774, when the Ottomans regained it. The Ottomans dominated the island until the end of the Greek Revolution of 1821, when the island was liberated and incorporated to the new Greek State. A quite characteristic feature of the history of the island is that during the 20th century Folegandros served again as a place of political exile, exactly as it had been during the Roman occupation some two thousand years ago.
Until 1970, the island, along with several other parts of Greece, suffered a considerable
reduction of its population, due to the migration of the residents. During the last few
decades, things in Folegandros have changed, thanks to the tourism.

Despite the tourist development, Folegandros did not loose its character and originality.


Registration No: 03931A

 

Hotel Castro, Chora, Folegandros, Cyclades, Greece, 84011
T: +302286041230 | F: +302286041414 | info@hotel-castro.com

 

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Πολιτική Κρατήσεων και Ακυρώσεων

Τιμές για το 2017

Χαμηλή Περίοδος Μέση Περίοδος Υψηλή Περίοδος
Από 12/05 έως και 09/07 και
από 11/09 έως και 10/10
Από 10/07 έως και 20/07 και
από 01/09 έως και 10/09
Από 21/07 έως και 31/08

Δίκλινο Δωμάτιο:
Διπλό Κρεβάτι ή Δύο Μονά Κρεβάτια:
49,00 ευρώ/ανά δωμάτιο/ανά διανυκτέρευση

Δίκλινο Δωμάτιο:
Διπλό Κρεβάτι ή Δύο Μονά Κρεβάτια:
69,00 ευρώ/ανά δωμάτιο/ανά διανυκτέρευση
Δίκλινο Δωμάτιο:
Διπλό Κρεβάτι ή Δύο Μονά Κρεβάτια:
79,00 ευρώ/ανά δωμάτιο/ανά διανυκτέρευση

Δίκλινο Δωμάτιο ή Σουίτα με Θέα Θάλασσα:
69,00 ευρώ/ανά δωμάτιο/ανά διανυκτέρευση
(επιπλέον χρέωση στην τιμή της Σουίτας 25 ευρώ/ανά διανυκτέρευση/ανά επιπλέον άτομο )

Δίκλινο Δωμάτιο ή Σουίτα με Θέα Θάλασσα:
89,00 ευρώ/ανά δωμάτιο/ανά διανυκτέρευση
(επιπλέον χρέωση στην τιμή της Σουίτας 25 ευρώ/ανά διανυκτέρευση/ανά επιπλέον άτομο )
Δίκλινο Δωμάτιο ή Σουίτα με Θέα Θάλασσα:
99,00 ευρώ/ανά δωμάτιο/ανά διανυκτέρευση
(επιπλέον χρέωση στην τιμή της Σουίτας 25 ευρώ/ανά διανυκτέρευση/ανά επιπλέον άτομο )
Δίκλινο Δωμάτιο με Πανοραμική Θέα
(Room R1) για Χρήση Δικλίνου:
79,00 ευρώ/ανά δωμάτιο/ανά διανυκτέρευση
(επιπλέον χρέωση 25 ευρώ/ανά διανυκτέρευση/
ανά επιπλέον άτομο)
Δίκλινο Δωμάτιο με Πανοραμική Θέα
(Room R1) για Χρήση Δικλίνου:
105,00 ευρώ/ανά δωμάτιο/ ανά διανυκτέρευση
(επιπλέον χρέωση 25 ευρώ/ανά διανυκτέρευση/
ανά επιπλέον άτομο)
Δίκλινο Δωμάτιο με Πανοραμική Θέα
(Room R1) για Χρήση Δικλίνου:
115,00 ευρώ/ανά δωμάτιο/ανά διανυκτέρευση
(επιπλέον χρέωση 25 ευρώ/ανά διανυκτέρευση/
ανά επιπλέον άτομο)

|Το Πρωινό Γεύμα δεν συμπεριλαμβάνεται|

Επικοινωνήστε μαζί μας μέσω e-mail στο info@hotel-castro.com

Πολιτική ακύρωσης:

* Το αίτημα ακύρωσης της κράτησης σας θα πρέπει να αποσταλεί εγγράφως μέσω φαξ/email το αργότερο 21 ημέρες πριν από την ημερομηνία άφιξής σας ώστε να μην υπάρξουν ακυρωτικά τέλη.
** Σε περίπτωση ακύρωσης εντός των 21 ημερών από την ημερομηνία άφιξής σας, θα υπάρξει χρέωση του 50% του συνολικού κόστους της κράτησης ως ακυρωτικά τέλη.
*** Σε περίπτωση ακύρωσης εντός των  21 ημερών πριν από την άφιξη σας για κρατήσεις σύντομης διαμονής σε διάρκεια, η χρέωση τουλάχιστον 2 διανυκτερεύσεων θα εφαρμοστεί ως ακυρωτικά τέλη.
**** Εάν δεν εμφανιστείτε ή θα μείνετε τελικά στο ξενοδοχείο λιγότερες νύχτες από την αρχική σας κράτηση (για οποιονδήποτε λόγο),η καταβολή του 100 % του κόστους του συνόλου της κράτησης σας θα εφαρμοστεί ως ακυρωτικά τέλη.

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Reservation and Cancellation Policy

Seasonal Rates for 2017

Low Season Middle Season High Season
From 12/05 untill 09/07
(last night is included) &  
from 11/09 untill 10/10
(last night is included)
From 10/07 untill 20/07
 (last night is included) &  
from 01/09 untill 10/09
 (last night is included)
From 21/07 untill 31/08
(last night is included)
Standard Double:
One Double Bed or 2 Single Beds
49,00 euros/per room/ per night
Standard Double:
One Double Bed or 2 Single Beds
69,00 euros/per room/ per night
Standard Double:
One Double Bed or 2 Single Beds
79,00 euros/per room/ per night
Double Room or Suite with Sea View:
69,00 euros/per room/ per night
(for the Suite plus 25 euros/per night/
per any extra person)
Double Room or Suite with Sea View:
89,00 euros/per room/ per night
(for the Suite plus 25 euros/per night/
per any extra person)
Double Room or Suite with Sea View:
99,00 euros/per room/per night
(for the Suite plus 25 euros/per night/
per any extra person)
Double Room with Panoramic View
(Room R1) 79,00 euros/per room/per night
Double Room with Panoramic View
(Room R1) 105,00 euros/per room/per night
Double Room with Panoramic View
(Room R1) 115,00 euros/per room/per night

|Breakfast Meal is not included|

Contact with us via email to info@hotel-castro.com

Cancellation Policy:

* Cancellation must be sent in written via fax or email 21 days prior to your arrival date and there will be no cancellation fees charged.
** Any cancellation within 21 days of your arrival date a 50% of the cost of the total amount of your reservation will be charged as cancellation fees.
*** In case of cancellations within 21 days prior to arrival for short-stay reservations, a charge of at least 2 nights will be applied.
**** If you do not show up or you will finally stay at the hotel less nights than your initial reservation (for any case), the payment of the 100% of the cost of your entire booking will be applied.

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Termini di Prenotazione e Cancellazione

Tariffe per il 2017

Stagione Bassa Stagione Media Stagione Alta

Dal 12/05 a 09/07
(ultima notte è inclusa) &
dal 11/09 a 10/10
(ultima notte è inclusa)

Dal 10/07 a 20/07
(ultima notte è inclusa) &
dal 01/09 a 10/09
(ultima notte è inclusa)

Dal 21/07 a 31/08
(ultima notte è inclusa)

Camera Doppia:
Un letto Matrimoniale o 2 letti Singoli
49,00 euro/per camera/per notte

Camera Doppia:
Un letto Matrimoniale o 2 letti Singoli
69,00 euro/per camera/per notte
Camera Doppia:
Un letto Matrimoniale o 2 letti Singoli
79,00 euro/per camera/per notte

Camera Doppia o Suite con Vista Mare:
69,00 euro/per camera/per notte
(Per la suite più 25 euro/notte/
ogni persona in più)

Camera Doppia o Suite con Vista Mare:
89,00 euro/per camera/per notte
(Per la suite più 25 euro/notte/
ogni persona in più)
Camera Doppia o Suite con Vista Mare:
99,00 euro/per camera/per notte
(Per la suite più 25 euro/notte/
ogni persona in più)

Camera Matrimoniale con Vista Panoramica (Camera R1) 79,00 euro/per camera/per notte

Camera Matrimoniale con Vista Panoramica (Camera R1) 105,00 euro/per camera/per notte Camera Matrimoniale con Vista Panoramica (Camera R1) 115,00 euro/per camera/per notte

|La Colazione Pranzo non è inclusa|

Contattaci via e-mail all’indirizzo info@hotel-castro.com

Politica di cancellazione :

* La cancellazione deve essere inviata per iscritto a mezzo fax/e-mail 21 giorni prima del vostro arrivo e non ci saranno carica di spese per la cancellazione.
** La cancellazione entro 21 giorni di arrivo, il 50% del costo della somma totale della prenotazione verrà addebitato come di spese per la cancellazione.
*** Se meno di 21 giorni cancellazione prima dell’arrivo per soggiorni brevi , verrà addebitato come di spese per la cancellazione di almeno 2 notti.
**** Se non si presenta o se si potrà finalmente soggiornare all’hotel meno della vostra prenotazione originale (per tutti i casi)il pagamento del 100 % del costo dell’intera prenotazione verrà addebitato come spese di cancellazione.

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Politique de Réservation et d'Annulation

Les Tarifs pour 2017

Saison Basse Saison Moyenne Saison Haute
De 12/05 jusqu’au 09/07
(la nuit dernière est inclus) &
de 11/09 jusqu’au 10/10
(la nuit dernière est inclus)

De 10/07 jusqu’au 20/07
(la nuit dernière est inclus) &
du 01/09 jusqu’au 10/09
(la nuit dernière est inclus)

De 21/07 jusqu’au 31/08
(la nuit dernière est inclus)

Double Standard:
un lit double ou 2 lits simples
49,00 euros/par chambre/par nuit

Double Standard:
un lit double ou 2 lits simples
69,00 euros/par chambre/par nuit
Double Standard:
un lit double ou 2 lits simples
79,00 euros/par chambre/par nuit

Chambre Double ou la Suite avec Vue sur la Mer: 69,00 euros/par chambre/par nuit
(Pour la suite,plus 25 euros/par nuit/par toute personne supplémentaire)

Chambre Double ou la Suite avec Vue sur la Mer: 89,00 euros/par chambre/par nuit
(Pour la suite,plus 25 euros/par nuit/par toute personne supplémentaire)
Chambre Double ou la Suite avec Vue sur la Mer: 99,00 euros/par chambre/par nuit
(Pour la suite,plus 25 euros/par nuit/par toute personne supplémentaire)

Chambre Double avec la Vue Panoramique (Chambre R1) 79,00 euros/par chambre/par nuit

Chambre Double avec la Vue Panoramique (Chambre R1) 105,00 euros/par chambre/par nuit Chambre Double avec la Vue Panoramique (Chambre R1) 115,00 euros/par chambre/par nuit

|Le Petit Déjeuner non est inclus|

Contactez-nous par e -mail à info@hotel-castro.com

Politique d’annulation :

* L’annulation doit être envoyée par écrit par fax/e-mail 21 jours avant votre arrivée et il n’y aura pas des charges d’ annulation facturés .
** L’ annulation dans les 21 jours de votre d’arrivée, le 50 % du coût du montant total de votre réservation sera facturé comme des charges d’ annulation.
*** En cas d’annulation moins de 21 jours avant l’arrivée pour les séjours de durée courte, une charge d’au moins 2 nuits sera facturés.
**** Si vous ne vous présentez pas ou si vous allez enfin rester à l’hôtel moins de votre réservation initiale (pour tous les cas), le paiement de 100% du coût de l’ensemble de votre réservation sera facturé comme des charges d’ annulation.

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